Thursday, June 22, 2017

Musical Interlude: Deuter, “Uno”

Deuter, “Uno”

“If I tried my best and fail, well, I tried my best.”
- Steve Jobs

"How It Really Is"

"I Don't Pretend..."

“I don't pretend we have all the answers. 
But the questions are certainly worth thinking about.”
- Arthur C. Clarke

"GIGO and the Intelligence of Countries: Disordered Thoughts"

"GIGO and the Intelligence of Countries: Disordered Thoughts"
by Fred Reed

"Apologies to the reader. Perhaps I wax tedious. But the question of intelligence is both interesting to me and great fun as talking about it puts commenters in an uproar. It is like poking a wasp’s nest when you are eleven. I am a bad person.

Clearing the underbrush: Obviously intelligence is largely genetic–if it were cultural in origin, all the little boys who grew up in Isaac Newton’s neighborhood would have been towering mathematical geniuses–and obviously the various tests of intellectual function have, at least among testees of similar background, considerable relation to intelligence. Some individuals have more of it than others. For example, Hillary, a National Merit Finalist, scored higher than  99.5 percent of Illinois and can reliably be suspected of being bright. Some groups are obviously smarter than other groups. Mensans and Nobelists are smarter than sociologists. Of course, so are acorns.

But knowing that a thing exists and measuring it are not the same thing. Years back, Marilyn vos Savant had a quiz column in which a question was: “Two bugs in a jar reproduce, doubling their number every minute. The jar is full in an hour. How long does it take to half fill the jar?”

I will speculate, subject to correction, that to anyone who has worked with computers, at least at the register level, the answer is obvious on inspection.  I will further speculate that those of equal intelligence, including mathematical ability, but graduates of liberal arts, will have more trouble with it. The nature of a base-two exponential expansion is probably not obvious to someone who has never seen one.

If this is so, it would seem that experience affects the ability to solve problems such as one finds on tests of mental ability. Does this increase constitute an increase in intelligence?

Children in my demographic cohort were steeped, boiled, drowned in problem-solving and manipulation of symbols. The alphabet. Writing. “Mommy Beaver has three sticks and Little Baby Beaver has four. How many….?” Long division. Linear simultaneous equations in two unknowns. Derive the quadratic formula. Division of fractions. Endless word problems: If a tank is three-quarters full when it contains ten gallons, how many gallons… All of this by the eighth grade.

Would this lead to better performance on standardized tests, to include most IQ tests, compared to that of our (imaginary) identical twins raised in the Appalachian backwoods? Whatever the difference, it would be due to experience or, if you like, culture.

Virtuosity in taking tests is similarly affected by experience in taking tests. Like most in my generation, I was subjected to unending tests: an IQ test in the second grade when my teacher thought me retarded (as many readers still do). Some sort of Virginia test. PSATs. NMSQT. SATs. GREs. Marine Corps General Qualification Test. FSEE. And so on.

As I suppose others did, I learned the technique for acing tests. Run through all the questions rapidly, picking the low-hanging fruit, putting a tick mark by those questions not instantly obvious. Run through again, answering those of the tick-markeds susceptible to a minute’s thought, double tick-marking the really difficult ones. Then to the really hard ones and finally, with an eye on the clock and knowing how the tests are scored, eliminate one or two answers on the remaining ones and guess. People who don’t know this, and try to go straight through, may not even finish.

Among the lumpen-IQatry, the tendency is to regard SATs, NAEP, and so on as surrogates for IQ, and thus for intelligence. This is error. The SATs in particular are not intelligence tests and were never intended to be. Their function was to measure the student’s ability to handle complex ideas in complex normal English, which  is what college students used to do. The tests did this well. The were not intelligence tests as their scores were functions of at least  three things, intelligence, background, and experience in taking tests. IQ =  f(a,b,c…)

Of course vocabulary is part of normal English. Consequently the famous objection that a ghetto kid would not know the word “regatta,” making the tests unfair, makes no sense. He would also not know “expurgate,” “putrescent,” “turpitude,” or “exponent.” However intelligent, he would not be ready to read university texts.

Today many students take SAT-prep courses which seem to raise scores quite a bit. If so, this largely invalidates the tests and very much works against those who cannot afford or have not heard of the prep courses.

Curiously, people who you would expect to solve problems readily sometimes don’t. When I was maybe sixteen, in its letters columns New Scientist asked, “why does a mirror reverse letters from left to right but not from top to bottom” Obviously a mirror does not reverse letters, but for a couple of weeks readers advanced theories as to why they do. At least one of these involved considerable mathematics. This surprised me since the dim presumably do not read New Scientist.

Now, countries. Equatorial Guineans are said to have a mean IQ of 59. In the absence of demonstration to the contrary, I am perfectly happy to believe that they are not very bright. (The CIA Factbook puts literacy there at 95%. You figure it out.) However, the distribution being symmetrical, more than half of them have an IQ under 60. This is in the realm of serious retardation. A substantial fraction would be below 45. Is this plausible? How can they remember to find their way home at night? Maybe they have a lot of homeless. Someone should study this.

Oddities abound. For example, purebred Mexican Indians are said to have a (mean) IQ of 83, indicating borderline retardation and suggesting that they should be at very low levels of intellectual achievement. They are. OK. So far, so good.

Colombians are said to have an IQ of 84. They run a modern country with all the credentials of airlines, telecommunications and the like. That one IQ point must be a pretty strong one, with a gym membership perhaps anabolic steroids in the medicine cabinet. Or maybe the scale is phenomenally non-linear. Or something.

American blacks are said to be at IQ 85. Being more intelligent than Colombians, they should certainly be able to run modern countries–unless maybe their one IQ point difference runs backwards. It begins to look as if each IQ point needs to be examined separately for individual behavior. And of course if blacks can run complex enterprises, that they don’t must be due to white privilege or slavery. Gotcha.

Then the Irish, long said to have a mean IQ of 86 (before being promoted to 100, perhaps for good behavior) had a First World European country. We conclude that IQ has no reliable relation to national outcome.

Curiously, in the third century BC the purebred Mexican Indians invented writing and  an exponential-positional number system, and made extraordinarily accurate astronomical observations. This would seem peculiar in the mildly retarded, but perhaps these were really smart mildly retarded Indians. Now, in the past, any time I have suggested that Mexicans might have done anything requiring intelligence, I have been assured by commenters that only white Mexicans could have done it. All right, I concede the possibility that only white really smart mildly retarded purebred Indians invented writing.  What else could explain it?

Look, I have a disordered mind. I can’t help it.

Now, unless we believe that an 83 IQ is sufficient to invent number systems–do we?–something must have drastically lowered the intelligence of those white purebred Indians. What? Since we are all good Darwinians, there must have been strong selective pressures for stupidity. This suggests a very modern organization of society. Here we enter the ghostly realm of genes assumed to exist acted upon by selective pressures that can neither be measured nor shown to have existed to produce effects which cannot be correlated with the pressures that may or may not have existed. 

But these are deep waters better left my superiors.”

"The Little Putsch That Could Beget a Great Big Coup"

"The Little Putsch That Could Beget a Great Big Coup"
By David Stockman

"Bull's-eye! "They made up a phony collusion with the Russians story, found zero proof, so now they go for obstruction of justice on the phony story. Nice... You are witnessing the single greatest WITCH HUNT in American political history - led by some very bad and conflicted people!" The Donald has never spoken truer words than when he tweeted that statement last week. But he’s also never sunken lower into pure victimhood. What is he waiting for - handcuffs and a perp walk?

Just to be clear, the Donald doesn't need to be the subject of a witch hunt at all. If Donald Trump had a presidential strategy and the propensity to take command, he would have had all the intercepts of Russian chatter gathered up weeks ago. He would have then had them declassified and made public. Then he would have launched a criminal prosecution against Obama's hit squad - John Brennan, Susan Rice and Valerie Jarrett - for illegally unmasking and leaking classified information. This course of action would have crushed the Russian interference hysteria in the bud.

The entire affair was a rearguard invention of the Deep State and Democratic partisans. They became shocked and desperate for a scapegoat to account for the unthinkable election of Donald Trump. They couldn’t accept that the unwashed masses elected an outsider and insurrectionist who could not be counted upon to serve as a " trustee" for the status quo. And whose naive but correct instinct to seek better relations with Russia was a mortal threat to the modus operandi of the Imperial City.

Let’s face it, the Russian interference narrative was never rooted in anything more than standard cybernoise from Moscow. After all, it didn't take a Kremlinologist from the old Soviet days to figure out that Putin did not favor Clinton, who had likened him to Hitler. Moreover, Trump had correctly said NATO was obsolete and that he didn't want to give lethal aid to the Ukrainians. Finally, he had expressed a desire to make a deal with Putin on Syria and numerous other areas of unnecessary confrontation.

That wasn’t acceptable to the likes of raging Russiaphobe John McCain: "We must take our own side in this fight. Not as Republicans, not as Democrats, but as Americans. It’s time to respond to Russia’s attack on American democracy with strength, with resolve, with common purpose and with action."

The truth is Russia has no more attacked American democracy than did the North Vietnamese at the Gulf of Tonkin or the Spaniards on the battleship Maine in 1898. More importantly, no one else in the world thinks Russia is a serious threat - except the bureaucrats of NATO who make a living concocting such threats. Throw in some nationalist politicians in Eastern Europe who are always eager to play the Russian card in their quest for power and attention.

But now we’re looking at the real possibility of a possible incident between U.S. and Russian forces in Syria. Russia is now warning that any aircraft operating west of the Euphrates could be targets, after a U.S. Navy plane downed a Syrian jet over the weekend. The Syrian plane had supposedly attacked U.S.-backed rebels fighting the Assad regime, a regime Russia strongly supports. Will Russia attack American aircraft over Syria? And how would Washington respond?

I thought the Donald said he would keep us out of Syria - which was the wise thing to do, incidentally. Meanwhile, U.S. and Russian aircraft are playing collision games over the Baltic. The other day, a Russian fighter supposedly came within five feet of a U.S. reconnaissance plane. 

This is just nuts. Has anyone thought this through? It just shows the extent to which the Donald and his America First campaign has been hijacked by the neocons and the Deep State. Below, I explain how a Great Big Coup against President Trump is on the way. Can he survive it? Read on.

So let's start with two obvious points about the whole Russia fiasco... Namely, there is no "there, there." First off, the president has the power to declassify secret documents at will. But in this instance he could also do that without compromising intelligence community (IC) "sources and methods" in the slightest. That’s because after Edward Snowden's revelations in 2013, the whole world was put on notice - and most especially Washington's adversaries - that it collects every single electronic digit that passes through the worldwide web and related communications grids.

Washington essentially has universal and omniscient SIGINT (signals intelligence). Acknowledging that fact by publishing the Russia-Trump intercepts would provide new knowledge to exactly no one. Nor would it jeopardize the lives of any American spy or agent (HUMINT). It would just document the unconstitutional interference in the election process that had been committed by the U.S. intelligence agencies and political operatives in the Obama White House. That pales compared to whatever noise comes out of Langley (CIA) and Ft. Meade (NSA). And I do mean noise.

Yes, I can hear the boxes on the CNN screen harrumphing that declassifying the "evidence" would amount to obstruction of justice! That is, since Trump's "crime" is a given (i.e. his occupancy of the Oval Office), anything that gets in the way of his conviction and removal therefrom amounts to "obstruction."

Given that he is up against a Deep State/Democratic/Neoconservative/mainstream media prosecution, the Donald has no chance of survival short of an aggressive offensive of the type I just described. But that's not happening because the man is clueless about what he is doing in the White House. And he’s being advised by a cacophonous coterie of amateurs and nincompoops. So he has no action plan except to impulsively reach for his Twitter account.

That became more than evident - and more than pathetic, too - when he tweeted out an attack on his own Deputy Attorney General, Rod Rosenstein. At least Nixon fired Elliot Richardson (his Attorney General) and Bill Ruckelshaus (Deputy AG): "I am being investigated for firing the FBI Director by the man who told me to fire the FBI Director! Witch Hunt."

Alone with his Twitter account, clueless advisors and pulsating rage, the Donald is instead laying the groundwork for his own demise. Were this not the White House, this would normally be the point at which they send in the men in white coats with a straight jacket. Indeed, that's essentially what the Donald's so-called GOP allies on the Hill are actually doing.

RussiaGate is a witch hunt like few others in American political history. Yet as the mainstream cameras and microphones were thrust at one Congressional Republican after another following the Donald's outburst quoted above, there was nary an echo of agreement. Even Senator John Thune, an ostensible Swamp-hating conservative, had nothing but praise for Special Counsel Robert Mueller, that he would fairly and thoroughly get to the bottom of the matter.

No he won't! Mueller is a card-carrying member of the Deep State who was there at the founding of today's surveillance monster as FBI Director following 9/11. Since the whole $75 billion apparatus that eventually emerged was based on an exaggerated threat of global Islamic terrorism, Russia had to be demonized into order to keep the game going - a transition that Mueller fully subscribed to.

So he will "find" extensive Russian interference in the 2016 election and bring the hammer down on the Donald for seeking to prevent it from coming to light. The clock is now ticking. And his investigatory team is being packed with prosecutorial killers with proven records of thuggery. They’re determined to find crimes that create fame and fortune for prosecutors - even if the crime itself never happened.

For example, Mueller's #1 hire was the despicable Andrew Weissmann. This character had led the fraud section of the department's Criminal Division and served as general counsel to the F.B.I. when Mueller was its director. And more importantly, Weissmann was the driving force behind the Enron task force - the most egregious exercise in prosecutorial abuse and thuggery in 100 years.

Meanwhile, the GOP leadership could not be clearer about what is coming down the pike. They are not defending Trump with even a hint of the vigor and resolve that I recall from the early days of Tricky Dick Nixon’s ordeal. Of course, Nixon didn't survive anyway. Instead, it's as if Paul Ryan, Mitch McConnell, et al. have offered to hold his coat, while the Donald pummels himself with a 140-character Twitter Knife that is visible to the entire world.

So there should be no doubt. A Great Big Coup is on the way. But here's the irony of the matter: Exactly four years ago in June 2013 no one was seriously demonizing Putin or Russia. In fact, the slicksters of CNN were still snickering about Mitt Romney's silly claim during the 2012 election campaign that Russia was the greatest security threat facing America.

But then came the Syrian jihadist false flag chemical attack in the suburbs of Damascus in August 2013 and the U.S. intelligence community's flagrant lie that it had proof the villain was Bashar Assad. To the contrary, it subsequently became evident that the primitive rockets that had carried the deadly sarin gas, which killed upwards of 1500 innocent civilians, could not have been fired from regime held territory. The rockets examined by UN investigators had a range of only a few kilometers, not the 15-20 kilometers from the nearest Syrian base.

In any event, President Obama chose to ignore his own red line and called off the bombers. That in turn paved the way for Vladimir Putin to persuade Assad to give up all of his chemical weapons - a commitment he fully complied with over the course of the next year. Needless to say, in the eyes of the neocon War Party, this constructive act of international statesmanship by Putin was the unforgivable sin. It thwarted the next target on their regime change agenda - removal of the Assad government in Syria as a step toward an ultimate attack on its ally, the Shiite regime of Iran.

So it did not take long for the Deep State to retaliate. While Putin was basking in the glory of the 2014 winter Olympics at Sochi, the entire apparatus of Imperial Washington - the CIA, the National Endowment for Democracy, the State Department and a long string of Washington funded NGOs - was on the ground in Kiev assisting the putsch that overthrew Ukraine's constitutionally elected President and Russian ally. From there, the Ukrainian civil war and partition of Crimea inexorably followed, as did the escalating campaign against Russia and its leader.

So as it turned out, the War Party could not have planned a better outcome - especially after Russia moved to protect its legitimate interests in its own backyard resulting from the Washington-instigated civil war in Ukraine. That included protecting its 200-year old naval base at Sevastopol in Crimea. The War Party simply characterized these actions falsely as acts of aggression against Russia’s European neighbors.

There is nothing like a demonized enemy to keep the $700 billion national security budget flowing and the hideous Warfare State opulence of the Imperial City intact. So why not throw in an allegedly "stolen" U.S. election to garnish the case? In a word, the Little Putsch in Kiev is now begetting a Great Big Coup in the Imperial City."

Wednesday, June 21, 2017

X22 Report, “Setup Initiated, The Central Banks Are Close To Pulling The Plug On The Economy”

X22 Report, “Setup Initiated, The Central Banks Are 
Close To Pulling The Plug On The Economy”
Related followup report:
X22 Report, "Brace Yourself, It's Going To Get A Lot Worse Before It Gets Better"

Musical Interlude: 2002, “Falling Through Time”

2002, “Falling Through Time”

"A Look to the Heavens"

"Rich in star clusters and nebulae, the ancient constellation of the Charioteer (Auriga) rides high in northern winter night skies. Composed from narrow and broadband filter data and spanning nearly 8 Full Moons (4 degrees) on the sky, this deep telescopic view shows off some of Auriga's celestial bounty. 
Click image for larger size.
The field includes emission region IC 405 (top left) about 1,500 light-years distant. Also known as the Flaming Star Nebula, its red, convoluted clouds of glowing hydrogen gas are energized by hot O-type star AE Aurigae. IC 410 (top right) is significantly more distant, some 12,000 light-years away. The star forming region is famous for its embedded young star cluster, NGC 1893, and tadpole-shaped clouds of dust and gas. IC 417 and NGC 1931 at the lower right, the Spider and the Fly, are also young star clusters embedded in natal clouds that lie far beyond IC 405. Star cluster NGC 1907 is near the bottom edge of the frame, just right of center. The crowded field of view looks along the plane of our Milky Way galaxy, near the direction of the galactic anticenter.”

The Poet: Rainer Maria Rilke, "The Apple Orchard"

"The Apple Orchard"

"Come let us watch the sun go down
and walk in twilight through the orchard's green.
Does it not seem as if we had for long
collected, saved and harbored within us
old memories? To find releases and seek
new hopes, remembering half-forgotten joys,
mingled with darkness coming from within,
as we randomly voice our thoughts aloud
wandering beneath these harvest-laden trees
reminiscent of Durer woodcuts, branches
which, bent under the fully ripened fruit,
wait patiently, trying to outlast, to
serve another season's hundred days of toil,
straining, uncomplaining, by not breaking
but succeeding, even though the burden
should at times seem almost past endurance.
Not to falter! Not to be found wanting!
Thus must it be, when willingly you strive
throughout a long and uncomplaining life,
committed to one goal: to give yourself!
And silently to grow and to bear fruit."

~ Rainer Maria Rilke

The Universe

"A main "Criterion of Consciousness" for the human experience is never having all you want. For as one dream comes true, another swiftly takes its place. Not having all you want is one of life's constants. And learning to be happy while not yet having all you want is the first "Criterion of Joy." Nail it, and for the rest of your life people will be asking what it is about you. Yeah, as if they weren't already asking."

"Desire is a beautiful thing."
    The Universe

"Thoughts become things... choose the good ones!"

“A Thief In The Night of America”

“A Thief In The Night of America”
by Michael Kindt

“Let’s say you’re trying to fix your screen door. Last night, let’s say, it was terribly windy and the door came open and flapped back and forth uselessly, much like a politician’s tongue. Perhaps you were away visiting family or something and weren’t home to halt the destruction. So the screen door is all loose and a little bent and will no longer shut. It’s hanging there, screaming WHITE TRASH to the neighborhood.  So you go to work on it with a Phillips screwdriver, trying to tighten the hinges, but it’s very difficult. You can’t get the angle right, can’t get any good leverage. You’re struggling and struggling, perhaps even grunting. Suddenly, the screwdriver loses its grip on the hinge and flies up and stabs you in the shoulder. POP!

You go to the bathroom to clean the wound and look at it in the mirror. It’s pretty bad, with a surprising amount of blood. It’s a puncture wound, so hydrogen peroxide is out. You keep cleaning it, but the bleeding doesn’t really stop. Plus it hurts like hell. You take a couple aspirins, but it’s like throwing bricks into the Grand Canyon. Puncture wounds can get infected quite easily, so you worry and clean, worry and clean, and say “Damn it” a bunch. You look at the screwdriver laying there on the toilet tank. It’s rusty. You try to remember when your last tetanus shot was, but can’t. It’s been years, though.

You decide to go to the doctor, but you only have $274 to your name and you still have to buy groceries and keep gas in the car so you can get back and forth to work and/or school. Maybe you even have kids. That $274 has to last two weeks–and it would, easily, if you didn’t have to go to the doctor. You drive one-handed across town to a walk-in clinic. You’re holding a wet, bloody rag over the wound as you drive. For fun, you pretend inside your head that you’re a gunshot victim and are coming straight outta Compton. “Thug life,” you say out loud and chuckle.

You note as you drive that your town is located in the wealthiest nation ever built by mankind upon the earth. The Roman Empire was nothing compared to America.

At the clinic, you fill out the form with lies. You say your name is something, even though it’s something else. You make up a social security number and give a phony address. For laughs, you provide them the phone number of a Pizza Hut. The doctor cleans out the wound with his magical sterile solution, closes it with a couple dissolvable stitches, and bandages everything up tight. He gives you a tetanus shot for good measure, plus a 3-day prescription of antibiotics as a precaution. He tells you how to keep it clean and to be on the lookout for any increased redness around the wound, as this is a sign of infection.

Off you go to the lobby, where, according to the form you filled out, the entire fee is due, all $322.46 of it. $125.50 of that is simply because you are a new patient and have never used the services of this fine medical establishment before. A fine, in other words. “I only have $20,” you tell the receptionist flatly and set the bill down on the counter. “Sorry.” You’d shrug, but your shoulder hurts. “You’ll have to bill me the rest, I guess. See ya.” Of course, you’ll have to pay the full price for the antibiotics. The doctor may prescribe expensive, name-brand medication, obeying his pharmaceutical overlords, or he may prescribe a much cheaper, generic version of the same stuff. It all depends on if he wants to come back in his next life as a cockroach or not.

This method of DIY health insurance won’t work for anything very serious or for anything requiring on-going care, but it works well for one-time colds and injuries, though. Also, you may get caught. They may track you down, but who cares? So you damage your credit score, reducing your ability to become a debt serf. That’s all your credit score is, right? A numerical measure of your ability to go into debt? So it’s no big thing, despite what the commercials teach us. True, a bad credit score can make it impossible to get certain jobs or rent certain apartments. As this century progresses, I’m sure it will be used to discriminate against people in other ways as well. If you need medical care, though, and have no money, what, exactly, are you supposed to do? Anyway, God bless America! *attaches flag pin to lapel*"

The Daily "Near You?"

Paris, Texas, USA. Thanks for stopping by!

"We've All Heard The Proverbs..."

"The early bird catches the worm; a stitch in time saves nine. He who hesitates is lost. We can't pretend we haven't been told. We've all heard the proverbs, heard the philosophers, heard our grandparents warning us about wasted time, heard the damn poets urging us to ‘seize the day'. Still sometimes we have to see for ourselves. We have to make our own mistakes. We have to learn our own lessons. We have to sweep today's possibility under tomorrow's rug until we can't anymore, until we finally understand for ourselves like Benjamin Franklin meant: that knowing is better than wondering, that waking is better than sleeping. And that even the biggest failure, even the worst most intractable mistake beats the hell out of never trying."
- “Dr. Meredith Grey,” “Grey’s Anatomy”

“21 Everyday Phrases That Come Straight From Shakespeare's Plays”

“21 Everyday Phrases That Come Straight From Shakespeare's Plays”
by Elena Holodny

“William Shakespeare wrote a lot of great plays, but he also coined and popularized a lot of words and phrases that we still use to this day. We put together a list of our 21 favorites. Check them out:

1. "Puking"
"All the world's a stage,
And all the men and women merely players:
They have their exits and their entrances;
And one man in his time plays many parts,
His acts being seven ages. At first the infant,
Mewling and puking in the nurse's arms..."

How Shakespeare uses it: "Puking" was first recorded in Shakespeare's "As You Like It." It was likely an English imitation of the German word "spucken," which means to spit, according to
Modern definition: A synonym for the verb "to vomit."

2. "Vanish into thin air"
"Then put up your pipes in your bag, for I'll away. Go; vanish into air; away!" (Othello)

How Shakespeare uses it: The Clown says this to the musicians in "Othello" to make them go away. But some have also suggested that there is a darker underlying meaning. Act 3 in Othello is the final act that suggests that all of this might have a happy ending. It gets pretty dark starting in Act 4. So the Clown might be symbolically asking musicians and all happy things to "vanish into thin air" because there's no more room for them in the play. A similar phrase is also found in "The Tempest."
Modern definition: To disappear without a trace.

3. "There's a method to my madness"
"Though this be madness, yet there is method in 't. Will you walk out of the air, my lord?"

How Shakespeare uses it: Polonius says it in "Hamlet," basically suggesting that there is reason behind apparent chaos.
Modern definition: The meaning is the same nowadays, although the language is a bit updated into modern terms. It is also a Bee Gees song.

4. "Wild-goose chase"
"Nay, if they wits run the wild-goose chase, I have 
done, for thou hast more of the wild-goose in one of 
thy wits than, I am sure, I have in my whole five: 
was I with you there for the goose?"

How Shakespeare uses it: Mercutio says that he can't keep up with Romeo's jokes and puns. Romeo tells him to continue, but Mercutio sees the endeavor as a "wild goose chase." A wild-goose chase was reportedly a real game back in 16th-century England in which "a horseman executed a series of difficult maneuvers which others had to repeat in close succession."
Modern definition: A senseless - and probably hopeless - pursuit of an object or an end.

5. "The green eyed-monster"
"Oh, beware, my lord, of jealousy!
It is the green-eyed monster which doth mock
The meat it feeds on."

How Shakespeare uses it: Iago says this phrase as he plants doubts in Othello's mind about his wife's faithfulness. Merriam-Webster writes that he may have been evoking cats, given that they are "green-eyed creatures who toy with their prey before killing it."
Modern definition: Now "the green eyed-monster" is an idiomatic expression for the noun "jealousy."

6. "Break the ice"
"... And if you break the ice and do this feat,
Achieve the elder, set the younger free
For our access, whose hap shall be to have her
Will not so graceless be to be ingrate."

How Shakespeare uses it: Tranio suggests if Petruchio can "break the ice," then he will be able to woo Katherina. By using the "ice" language, Shakespeare makes Katherina seem as cold as ice. Moreover, the fact that the ice needs to be broken suggests that she is hard to reach. But the first actual usage of "break the ice" probably comes from Sir Thomas North's 1579 translation of "Plutarch's Lives of the Noble Grecians and Romans" - although in this case the phrase meant "to forge a path for others to follow," alluding to the breaking of ice to allow the navigation of boats.
Modern definition: "Break the ice" still means to get to know someone.

7. "Wear my heart upon my sleeve"
"For when my outward action doth demonstrate
The native act and figure of my heart
In compliment extern, 'tis not long after
But I will wear my heart upon my sleeve
For daws to peck at: I am not what I am."

How Shakespeare uses it: Devious Iago basically says that if his outward appearance reflected what he was thinking, then his heart would be on his sleeve for birds to peck at - which is not a good idea in his eyes. And so he adds that he is actually not what he appears to be. Notably, Iago's motives for his antagonistic behavior are never fully revealed - so it is interesting that he is the character who has immortalized this phrase.
Modern definition: To show one's feelings openly.

8. "Swagger"
"What hempen home-spuns have we swaggering here,
So near the cradle of the fairy queen?
What, a play toward! I'll be the auditor;
An actor too, perhaps, if I see cause."

How Shakespeare uses it: Puck, a mischievous sprite, uses the term "swagger" to mean "insolent." It might have been a frequentative form of "swag," which means "to sway." The word is also found in "Henry IV: Part 2" where Mistress Quickly gives a speech about super-aggressive men who visit her tavern, where the meaning of swagger suggests the meaning of boasting or bragging. Additionally, the term is also found in "King Lear," where it most closely means "blustering." Although, here it is spelled "zwaggered."
Modern definition: Jay Z used "swagger" and "swag" in several songs back in the early 2000s. Soulja Boy also used the word - "she likes my swag." Since then, it has been often used in modern song lyrics.

9. "All of a sudden"
"I pray, sir, tell me, is it possible 
That love should of a sodaine take such hold?"

How Shakespeare uses it: Apparently, Shakespeare might have thought that "all of a sudden" was a more poetic way of saying "suddenly" so he had the character Tranio in "The Taming of the Shrew" say it that way. Although, Shakespeare wasn't the first to use "sudden" - John Greenwood used it in 1590.
Modern definition: The meaning is the same, although we now spell it "sudden" rather than "sodaine." The word is spelled in the modern way in newer printings of "The Taming of the Shrew."

10. "A heart of gold"
"The king's a bawcock, and a heart of gold,
A lad of life, an imp of fame;
Of parents good, of fist most valiant. ..."

How Shakespeare uses it: King Henry disguises himself as a commoner in the play and asks Pistol, who is unaware of the disguise, whether he considers himself to be better than the king. Pistol responds with the above quote.
Modern definition: To be extremely kind and helpful.

11. "One fell swoop"
"He has no children. All my pretty ones?
Did you say all? O hell-kite! All?
What, all my pretty chickens and their dam
At one fell swoop?"

How Shakespeare uses it: Macduff says this after finding out that his family and servants have been killed. Shakespeare's use of the hunting bird's' "fell swoop" imagery reflects the ruthlessness and deadliness of the attack.
Modern definition: In one, sudden act.

12. "Devil incarnate"
"O worthy Goth, this is the incarnate devil
That robb'd Andronicus of his good hand." (Titus Andronicus)

"Yes, that a' did; and said they were devils incarnate." (Henry V)

How Shakespeare uses it: Lucius calls Aaron the Moor the "devil incarnate" - aka a devil in the flesh - after all the suffering he causes his family. Chief among them, convincing Demtrius and Chiron to rape Lavinia and framing Martius and Quintus for the murder of Bassianus. Shakespeare also reused the phrase about a decade later in "Henry V."

Modern definition: The meaning of the phrase is more or less unchanged.

13. "Stuff that dreams are made on/of"
"We are such stuff
As dreams are made on, and our little life
Is rounded with a sleep."

How Shakespeare uses it: This phrase is not as cheerful as we use it today. Prospero is saying that peoples' lives - and his magic - are like dreams: We experience them, and then they totally evaporate without leaving any lasting evidence. "Sleep" likely refers to death here.
Modern definition: Nowadays, we say "stuff that dreams are made of" rather than "on." And it also refers to some sort of fantasy things or life that we could only dream of having.

14. "To come full circle"
"Thou hast spoken right, 'tis true;
The wheel has come full circle: I am here."

How Shakespeare uses it: Edmund says the phrase at the end of "King Lear," highlighting how he has "completed a cycle" where his diabolical actions have come back to haunt him. Shakespeare was also probably referencing Fate - and the "Wheel of Fortune" - from ancient and medieval philosophy, which thus introduced the question of free will versus everything being determined by fate.
Modern definition: Completing a cycling, getting back to the beginning.

15. "In my heart of heart"
"Give me that man
That is not passion's slave, and I will wear him
In my heart's core, ay, in my heart of heart,
As I do thee."

How Shakespeare uses it: While speaking with Horatio, Hamlet says this phrase noting that if there's a man who is "not passion's slave" - aka, a master of his emotions - then he'll put him close to his heart. Using the language "heart's core" right before suggests that Hamlet means some very deep, central part of his heart/emotions.
Modern definition: Nowadays, we pluralize the second "heart" to say "in my heart of hearts." The phrase refers to one's inner-most, secret thoughts.

16. "Too much of a good thing"
"Why then, can one desire too much of a good thing?
Come, sister, you shall be the priest and marry us.
Give me your hand, Orlando. What do you say, sister?"

How Shakespeare uses it: This phrase may have been a proverb dating to the late 15th century, but Shakespeare was the one who has it immortalized in print. Rosalind is pretending to be a man named Ganymede while she is with Orlando, with whom she is in love. He's also in love with Rosalind - and doesn't know she is Ganymede - and practices how he would woo Rosalind with Ganymede. At one point, Rosalind/Ganymede suggests that they have a pretend wedding, and asks if one can ever have too much of a good thing.
Modern definition: Too much good might backfire and be bad.

17. "All that glitters is not gold"
"All that glitters is not gold;
Often have you heard that told:
Many a man his life hath sold
But my outside to behold:
Gilded tombs do worms enfold."

How Shakespeare uses it: Shakespeare seems to be the first person to have written this phrase, although the idea was not new. The Prince of Morocco, one of Portia's suitors in "The Merchant of Venice," much choose out the correct casket to get his bride: one gold, one silver, and one lead. The gold one has an inscription on it which reads "All that glitters is not gold... gilded tombs do worms enfold." But he picks it anyway ...
Modern definition: Basically, just because it's shiny and nice on the outside, doesn't mean that that's true of the inside.

18. "Good riddance"
Thersites: "I will see you hanged, like clotpoles, ere I come any more to your tents: I will keep where there is wit stirring and leave the faction of fools."
Patroclus: "A good riddance."

How Shakespeare uses it: Although it's not the first usage of "riddance," Shakespeare appears to be the first person to use the phrase "good riddance" in "Troilus and Cressida." He also had Portia wish the Prince of Morocco "a gentle riddance" in "The Merchant of Venice" six years earlier.
Modern definition: People say this expression when they are happy to have gotten rid of someone or something useless or bad.

19. "Send him packing"
"'Faith, and I'll send him packing."

How Shakespeare uses it: Falstaff says this to dismiss the messenger in "Henry IV: Part 1," which is evidently the first use of the phrase.
Modern definition: The meaning is the same today: It's something one says to make someone leave abruptly.

20. "Love is blind"
"...But love is blind and lovers cannot see
The pretty follies that themselves commit;..."

How Shakespeare uses it: Technically, Chaucer first wrote the phrase "For loue is blynd alday and may nat see." But Shakespeare was the one who popularized it. In the scene, Jessica has disguised herself as a boy to see her lover, Lorenzo, but feels quite "ashamed" of her get-up. Still, she comments that love is blind and people are unable to see the shortcomings of their lovers.
Modern definition: The meaning of the phrase is more or less unchanged.

21. "Knock knock! Who's there?"
"Here's a knocking indeed! If a man were porter of hell-gate, he should have old turning the key.
knock, knock! Who's there, i' the name of Beelzebub?"

How Shakespeare uses it: There's no direct connection from Macbeth to the knock-knock joke, but it is fun that a phrase that we now associate with lame-ish jokes is also found in the scene after Macbeth murders Duncan.
Modern definition: The knock-knock joke.
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